Reading, writing, listening, and speaking—all language-based competencies included in English Language Arts—have become prerequisites for participation in nearly every aspect of day-to-day, 21st century life. While there was a time when basic literacy skills provided a clear path forward, today's students need to develop an increasingly complex set of advanced literacy skills and competencies in order to access social and economic opportunities, find and use information, and meet personal goals. All students in New York State classrooms must develop advanced literacies to enable communication, spoken and written, in increasingly diverse ways and with increasingly diverse audiences. New York State's English Language Arts and Literacy Standards, as well as the Lifelong Practices of Readers and Writers, include the skills and competencies needed for students to be effective communicators.
“Adolescents entering the adult world in the 21st century will read and write more than at any other time in human history. They will need advanced levels of literacy to perform their jobs, run their households, act as citizens, and conduct their personal lives.” Content Area Reading: Literacy and Learning Across the Curriculum